Tuesday, 31 May 2016

Wild Garlic

Beginning my exciting tenure as Poet-in-Residence at The Blue Teapot, Mytholmroyd, has inspired me to retrace my steps through some of my favourite walks and places in the locality, and as I continue to do so it is my intention to document many of my discoveries and observations here.  Mythomroyd and its surrounding environs are rich in history - not least poetic - but also in their natural scenery.  Some of the hills surrounding Mytholmroyd offer panoramic views across the Calder Valley, its peaceful village centre with an early 19th Century church and the River Calder flowing under the bridge, is flanked by sweeping vales and woodlands, climbing towards the chalky formr quarry lands, heather moorland and the lusher pastures of Luddenden and Brearley to the east.  But it was a patch somewhat nearer to the cafe its self which caught the attention of Blue Teapot owner Kirsty Fagan on a recent woodland walk - https://www.instagram.com/p/BFjhLXenLXe/

Wild garlic is certainly one of the loveliest discoveries to stumble on in the woods around Mytholmroyd, and its distinctive, tangy aroma is surely one of the most evocative indications of  spring, and as we turn the corner into summer, these profusions of glistening, candy-coloured flowers and their blade-like, velvety green leaves, will still decorate our watery and woodland landscapes for some time.

We have been lucky in the valley this spring, with the abundance of this unique, decorous, fascinating plant becoming, since mid-March, bit by bit more prevalent along woodland edges, parks and moist, canal-side soils, and it is a plant that I have noticed in many other areas of West Yorkshire.  In fact, hot-footing between one work place and the next, I have even taken the opportunity of gobbling a few of the edible leaves as a makeshift lunch!

Wild garlic, with its irresistible smell, tasty leaves and star-shaped flowers, has attracted us for centuries, and the sight of multiplying on a spring stream-side is a sure sign, just like the sturdy daffs, the fattening buds and the lambs in the fields, that winter is finally expiring.  It provides a backdrop to our country walks and city parks throughout the spring, and the clumps of tall, broad-leaved stalks and beautiful flowers will flower on into June, precursors for those of deciduous trees.  I have long been interested in wild garlic, its horticultural and culinary history, its relationship with animals, and its lesser known literary impact - including how it has provided inspiration in the world of poetry.

In Cornwall they form thick banks along the lanes, explained the late English poet Mary Macrae in her poem Ransoms, describing how the blooms of wild garlic  fill damp woods, making me long to be
propped on beds of amaranth and moly. 
The poet's skillful depiction of its preferred situations provides a superb mirror-image of the plant's natural habitats, and her references to other plants give us some clue to the friends and relatives of wild garlic - one of which is the "moly" that she mentions, these being a herbal variety whose small white flowers are mentioned in Homer's Odyssey - Odysseus is given moly by Hermes because its properties will protect him from Circe's magic when he goes to her lair to rescue his family.  And, accordingly, it is to family matters that we now must turn in our exploration of wild garlic.

The food we generally know as garlic (Old English, "Spear-leek"), whose cloves are pressed or crushed for culinary use, is strongly linked to wild garlic: both are members of the Alliaceae (Onion) family, both bear umbels of hermaphrodite flowers initially enclosed in spathes (sheath-like modified leaves) and both are known for taste and fragrance (with wild garlic slightly less intense).  But cultivated garlic (Allium sativum) has a complex genetic history dating back to Ancient Central Asia, where it has been used in cooking, and even as a currency, for thousands of years. Wild garlic, on the other hand, is an altogether simpler affair.  Sometimes called wood garlic, bear's garlic, broad-leaved garlic, or by its old English name of ransoms (Hramsa, meaning wild garlic), this European and Asian native, appearing at the winter's withdrawal like sprinkled cloud-dust along riverbanks and throughout deciduous woodlands, has always been regarded kindly. 

In Gerard’s Herbal (1597), we learn that wild garlic maye very well be eaten in April and Maie with butter, of such as are of strong constitution, and labouring men, and, unlike its cultivated cousin, the plant produces flowers tasting stronger than its leaves or bulbs.  Every part of the plant is edible, and its leaves are often used in sandwiches and salads, for use in pesto or in pasta sauces.  The bulb its self is eaten raw or cooked, throughout the year, though for best results when the plant is dormant from July to January.  In 19th Century Scandinavia, a popular butter was produced by feeding wild garlic to cows, resulting in a garlic-tasting milk.  Pictorial evidence suggests wild garlic has been eaten by people since the Stone Age.        
It is, however, not only people who like eating wild garlic.  Its Latin name Allium ursinum denotes its significance to brown bears - in pursuit of the delectable bulb, the bears will turn over the earth to dig it up, a habit mirrored by the wild boar.  The bears are not driven by hunger alone: wild garlic helps cleanse their systems after hibernation; the bulbs are healthy as well as delicious.  In fact, wild garlic is eaten by various animals, including badgers, sheep and guinea pigs, and is chiefly pollinated by bees.  But not all creatures feel the same.  The plant that so attracts  hungry bears ruthlessly repels mosquitos, moths, ticks, and fleas, along with many other insects.  It keeps moles away, and is similarly shunned by rodents.  Wild garlic is an ally of the gardener or farmer who wishes to preserve such crops as carrots, beet and chamomile, and is often planted as a "trap crop" repelling predators from roses.  Less friendly relations are shared with peas - most plants in the Fabaceae or pea-plant family fall foul of a chemical produced by wild garlic, inhibiting their growth.  Dogs are even less fortunate: eating wild garlic can be fatal.

For people, though, in addition to taste, wild garlic boasts an array of health benefits.  It is said to lower blood pressure, eases stomach pains and has been used for many years in Scotland for treating kidney stones.  But these gains were overlooked for many years, as wild garlic fell prey to a decline in medicinal popularity. Why?  Perhaps the answer lies in the very trend-shifting nature of attitudes that has seen so many plant foods - the turnip, the sprout, the almost forgotten artichoke - fall in and out of fashion down the ages.   Whatever the reasons, the fact remains that its medicinal qualities are generally seen as less than that of Allium sativum.  This is misleading.  While the positive effects of culinary garlic are longer lasting, the intensity of wild garlic's healthy impact is far greater.  Swiss herbalist Abbe Kuenzle, who claims to have successfully treated clients with rashes, scrofula and herpes entirely with wild garlic, describes it as a plant that cleanses the whole body.  Those with eczema and intestinal, problems, he feels, should "venerate ransoms like gold," while youngsters would "burst into bloom like roses on a trellis and sprout like fir cones in the sun," should they learn to rely on them!

So, like many wild and wonderful things on our doorstep, wild garlic offers a wide selection of curative blessings.  The plant which Welshman Leslie Norris, in his poem, like that of Mary Macrae also entitled Ransoms, compared to moonlight fallen clean onto grass, is awash with goodness.  Its leaves have assuaged catarrh and shortness of breath, and applying its fresh juices to the skin can help heal wounds.  Eating raw leaves can appease gastric problems, "worms," diarrhoea, insomnia, and even heart troubles.  Boiling freshly chopped leaves, adding these to a quarter litre of white wine and, if wishing to, sweetening with honey or syrup, gives us "Ransoms Wine," which is said to impede dropsy and age-related illnesses, while preparing a "whisky" of wild garlic may even stem memory loss and arteriosclerosis.  Although appropriate advice should be sought before using any natural remedy, it is hard to ignore the restorative and therapeutic powers of wild garlic, which is rich in Vitamins A and B.  Taken as part of an overall "de-tox", or simply an accompaniment to dumplings, potatoes, or other dishes, it can help to purify the body, easing circulation and flooding our bloodstream with vitamins to ward off sundry health complaints.  Wild garlic is one of nature's finest remedies - just ask the bears!

For some, though, it isn't the taste or health advantages of wild garlic that invoke the highest praise, but simply the appearance of this upright, glistening plant - which gradually colonizes slices of woodland until the banks and forest margins are resplendent with frilly white valleys, small fountains of snowy stars.   Indeed, the Ted Hughes poem The Merry Mink, celebrates this starry appearance:

He romps through the ransoms
(Each one like a constellation),topples into the river 

Wild garlic loves damp, moist environments, so by rivers, canals and woodland streams you'll find it, providing cover for earthworms and threaded like a lace hem against backdrops of bluebells, anemones and primroses. As Mary Macrae reminded us:

Pick and they quickly fade
but in the mass - and what mass! - overwhelming.

Wild garlic thrives in slightly acidic soil and deciduous woodlands - enabling it to capture the early spring sunshine.  With its two or three elliptical green leaves, rounded flowerheads and  strong and sharp aroma drifting through the woods and meadows, this abundant symbol of the winter's end, sometimes foolishly dismissed as a "weed," is one of our most splendid, underrated plants.  In difficult and testing times it can be hard to smile, and maintain a positive attitude to life, but come across a carpet of wild garlic brightening a shaded stream or urban hedgerow, and it's easy to empathize once more with the poet Leslie Norris: Pungent and clean the smell of ransoms from the wood, he tells us, and I am refreshed.

The Brink Of The Evening Light - Exploring the Poetry of Nuala Fagan

It was a privilege to host Nuala Fagan and her wonderful poetry at the debut evening of Poetry At The Blue Teapot, the events I am co-ordinating at Mytholmroyd's Blue Teapot vegetarian cafe as part of my Poet Residency there.

Nuala read from her two collections - Not All Birdsong, which I published last year, and also Cimmerian Garden (Wellhouse Publications 2010), her debut book and one I have been getting to know in more depth since we decided to feature it at the event.  Indeed, I introduced the evening with a poem from the collection called All Souls Night, which begins bewitchingly:

You will be ready
like Eurydice
to walk the wordly night
you will collect 
the ions you need
from your Cimmerian garden
solicit the special amino acids
you will need for your trip
will gather
strings of sugar for your heart

I love the way the reader's comprehension of the narrative hinges on line-endings which could go either way, the isolation of secretly, lending its application to both the line preceding and following, and the visual quality depicted by these deceptively straightforward lines.   Anyone familiar with Nuala and her work can see how these fabulously expectant words distill virtually the whole thematic span of her poetry, with their emphasis on the interweaving corporeal and incorporeal, the idea of seeking out new paths, escapes, or promises, and the irresistible strings of sugar with which the Eurydician protagonist completes their inventory.  Indeed, the list of ingredients might almost be said to comprise a roll-call of the quintessential elements nestling within Nuala's books, waiting to be collected by the reader.  Wordly, yet other-wordly, charged with pivotal moments which impel the imagination like ions, a trip through secrets and histories, sometimes spiked with the acids of pain and loss, but ultimately a glimmering garden of special truths and meanings, infused with a sweetness which will illuminate the heart.

 Nuala was born in Dublin in 1929, and grew up in Donegal, where as part of her education she learned many of Shakespeare's sonnets by heart.  The other predominant poetic influences of her early life were the national Irish poets, and the works of WB Yeats, and though she also discovered a love for the poetry of the English Romantics.  Though Nuala did not begin writing and publishing poetry until 2003, these influences undoubtedly laid the foundations of what was to come. With a degree in Pyschology, her writing delves deep into the human psyche, while, as we shall see, the time that she has lived in the North of England - Nuala moved to Halifax in 1961 - is strongly reflected in her writing. Nuala's poetry inhabits a sphere of thought and emotion in which the everyday realities of life are played out in slow motion, in which painful events and memories are recalled in sharp focus fragments, yet in which an undercurrent of history is also ever present.  Both Cimmerian Garden and Not All Birdsong share these concepts, and are similar books in many ways.  Yet they are also very different animals, each embodying a variety of themes and presences.

Cimmerian Garden begins with broken bits of memories, faded photographs and the corroded cogs of good intentions / scattered on the tarmac, exposing from the very off this powerful sense of melancholic retrospection, of taking leave and considering what might have been, or of moving stoically onwards and refusing to be cowed.  Turn away, the poet tells, us, for this is a wasteland / and you will find no buried treasure here.  In All Souls Night, Nuala expresses the intention to search the edge of the Stygian night, and from there the collection broods through galleries of sad images, of subterranean demons and hostile harpies, birds dead in dustbins, and cans stored for a holocaust. The death of scientist Dr David Kelly is examined in David and Goliath, while in Time Gapes we see how:

Time is a snake
that gobbles events

as we enter the territory of poems like Midwinter it does indeed feel like a step beyond the precipice, into a dark side tinged with irony:

Our speech is laced with mildew
damped with mould
and cold has rooted in our eyes
until the festive season bursts 
like a premature demanding birth
saying celebrate 

The Oxford English Dictionary defines "Cimmerian" as  Noun: 1. a member of a nomadic people who overran Asia Minor in the 7th Century bc ; 2. a member of a mythical people living in perpetual mist and darkness near the land of the dead.

Living "near" the land of the dead.  This is highly significant, for though the Cimmerian tribe has no contemporary presence in the world,  this definition situates the Cimmerians as both close to, yet distinct from, the dead - and emphasizes their "living" status.  In his poem L'Allegro, published in 1645, Milton introduces the Cimmerian element early in the text, to differentiate its nature from that of the poem's theme of jollity and joy:

HENCE loathed Melancholy
    Of Cerberus and blackest midnight born,
In Stygian Cave forlorn
    'Mongst horrid shapes, and shreiks, and sights unholy.
Find out som uncouth cell,
    Where brooding darknes spreads his jealous wings,
And the night-Raven sings;
    There, under Ebon shades, and low-brow'd Rocks,
As ragged as thy Locks,
    In dark Cimmerian desert ever dwell.

The "Stygian" tone ends at this point, exchanged for the jocund imagery of Venus, Bacchus, nibbling flocks and country dances.   It is the only mention of the word "Cimmerian" in all of Milton's poetry, and indeed of any poetry I have found with the exception of that of Nuala Fagan, though the name has been appropriated in various forms by poets and writers of fantasy and science fiction, such as Robert E Howard, whose poem Cimmeria, a doomy depiction of Fredericksburg, USA, in midwinter rain, imagines the Cimmerian land as a land of Darkness and deep Night, a gloomy place with dark woods, dusky silent streams and a leaden cloudy sky. 

And yet for Nuala Fagan, this dark territory has yielded not a night of gloom, but a garden of poetry.  How was this so?  It is worth turning to the words of the poet herself, who explains her interest in the term:

Milton used Cimmerian as an adjective.  The Cimmerians were thought of by historians as an obscure race who were found in historical records only briefly.  Nobody knew where they came from or where they went.  So knowledge of them was obscure.  

Indeed, she is keen to point out:

They were not Summerians.  So the pronunciation is different.  The accent is on the last i .       

As for the title of her book -

 I called it Cimmerian Garden because I do not know sometimes where my poems come from.  Like most poems they come from an obscure place  in the mind. 

This misty obscurity, this embrace of the mysterious and unexpected, is equally evident in Nuala's second collection, Not All Birdsong, which I published in November 2015, and which again finds its author searching and attempting to assess the transient pleasures and long-standing pains of both the historical and personal, but in this book her gaze is turned not so much on the mythical or spiritual, but more on the temporal and everyday.  Where Cimmerian Garden tracks Ancient woods of primitive gods, its successor volume focuses on the grittier images of  derelict mills, dishcloths, Blackpool carved on a rock and the sound of Yorkshire goodbyes.  And yet, there is the same reverberating undertone of history, as in Living in the Song:

When the song calls me
I am in the song,
I am come back to Erin
and I am called Mo Chusla.
I am called Mavournin,
I am handsome, I am pretty,
I'm the girl from the golden city.

The above poem clearly takes inspiration from the traditions of Irish folk with which Nuala, growing up in the Irish Republic, could not but have been familiar, and although the treatment is almost diametrically different, the two books also share this aspect of Irish history as an undercurrent.  I am interested in the Anglo-Irish dynamics at work in Nuala's poems, especially in the context of Irish poems published by an English press, and also from my own perspective of being English but with Irish relatives: the cultural interplay between the two countries is of lifelong interest to me, and I am greatly moved by the stark elucidation that this history receives in a poem like St George's Day where

As April blows the snows away
the sun is pearl in the grey midday 
the flickering flags glow red on white
on rain-washed spires and speeding cars
and I think of St George and chivalry

These lines from Cimmerian Garden have a Shakespearean quality - but the imagery of blood and violence is then exacted to the full when, having observed the modern anarchy of populous bars, Nuala then describes how

...the petrol rainbow stain
becomes a dragon once again
conjuring allies out of the rain
Nemain, Morrighu and Badb.

The theme is revisited in  Not All Birdsong, yet for once it is the second collection wherein the writing becomes more multi-faceted and less direct - the Irish Potato Famine is recalled by the spectre of the old woman in her Galway shawl / whose bony hand holds a black potato, and are the scars of war, such as in the poem History House, where a bruised sketch of Irish history is transposed into the form of the house, opened at last, the contrasting opulence of The October orchard ... with its rowan reds, / yellow pearls and

...the freezer. 
Slices of green?
The jacket.
Mixes of red and white?
A swathe of red silk?
Spread on the road.

Cimmerian Garden is also echoed by its predecessor when it comes to observing the psychological.  In the former, depression is outlined by jagged trees, black horizons and a drowning sun, while the poems Dining with a Psychiatrist and Freud with Mushrooms both transpose their characters into surreal environments - a hungry shrink rejecting the skeletons, moths, silver foil, corks and skewers he is offered, and a nocturnal feast with the in/famous psychoanalyst, at which the idea of Civilisation proffers only discontentment. In the latter book, the poet again places her assessment of psychiatry or its offshoots within a culinary frame - in Secret describing the poem's central character as a can of fruit cocktail being devoured by a counselor or doctor hungry for tittle-tattle.

Despite its more realist settings, the deep-seated themes of Not All Birdsong do seem like that of Cimmerian Garden to locate themselves within the abstract, shunning linear timescales, as in Keening:

a high thin note which reaches far back 
to your ancestors 
to your very roots,
and every bad thing that ever happened.  

Or in poems like Finding Him, where:

She found he was a house
made of bricks and iron shutters

If only he was a house made of glass
she would pull apart the shutters
and plead with her open palm.

The uncertainty at the heart of much of the collection is perhaps best executed in Dementia:

Time you are a wrecker.
She was beautiful as a church.
You made her an avalanche of distorted parts 
like broken pews 
like splintered views

But Not All Birdsong, in which the poet is found looking at the moon / and remembering the sun, it is sometimes the joys, rather than the regrets, of memories which shine back at us:

He made me feel like Beethoven's piano
gently exploring my finer notes.
But oh those chords, evoked without notice,
making his thoughts my doing, my undoing,
making me a stormy night, a rough sea,
a patriot's passionate shout.
He made me stop like a thudding hoof.
He made me moonlight.


John Foggin, that great purveyor of the prize-winning poem - author of four collections of poetry and compere of Sowerby Bridge's Puzzle Poets - described Not All Birdsong as demonstrating the voice of the rueful but unrepentant confessional... quietly life-affirming ... happily defiant and  on the book's blurb, its editor Bob Horne admires Nuala's lyric and rhythmic control, her wit and thoughtful, often unexpected imagery ...resilience and redemption that he feels struck by in Nuala's poems of love, loss and time passing.  Both of her collections encompass these emotions and ideas.  Not All Birdsong starts and ends on a note of leaving, of turning away from the debris and seeking out a kinder destiny.  All Souls Night begins with an entreaty to explore, to take a trip and go forth into a new world, equipped with an armory collected from a mysterious, dark, but sweet and secret garden, but goes on to unveil the promises of what might be found:

you will bind yourself
with chains of protein
to hold you
and you will approach 
the brink of the evening light 

Nuala Fagan's is a poetry of pain, addressing time's bitter twists and turns, the injuries of history and the losses of the heart, but also the longer perspectives afforded us by the passages of time, the unexpected joys and happiness that can be grasped even upon the wastelands of the night, and the inner strengths which might propel us to the discovery of beauty amid darkness, provided we are willing to undertake the journey.   


Tuesday, 10 May 2016

Poetry at The Blue Teapot

I am very happy to announce that I have become the Poet-in-Residence at The Blue Teapot, Mytholmroyd  (http://www.blue-teapot.com/) .  This will encompass a variety of poetic contributions to the cafe, as well as activities and events.  Our debut event will be on the 23rd May, featuring guest poet Nuala Fagan, supported by Calder Valley Poetry's Bob Horne and myself.   Before providing details of this, let me explain briefly about my collaboration with The Blue Teapot, and the nature of this poet residency in the context of the area and its history.

My involvement with The Blue Teapot has evolved from my early visits to the café last summer, when I helped to plan a poetry event for October's Mytholmroyd Art Festival - the Mad Tea Party - which was held in the café.  This party was very successful and well attended, a real festival atmosphere, and poets came from miles around to perform.

Madhuri ZK Ewing
"H" entertains us with her poetry ... and her hat!

I felt the venue was greatly suited to such events, being situated in the hub of an artistic community, easy to reach (off the main road and within walking distance of the train station) and, above all, such a friendly and attractive café.  I had also found that the ambience of the café in the daytime had led me to write as I sat by the window with my coffee. The music, the conversation, and of course the fact that The Blue Teapot is a vegetarian café, were all conducive to the creative spirit.  It is one of several vegetarian and vegan venues in the valley, all of which I regularly visit, but what drew me back so often to The Blue Teapot was the fact that it lies at the very  point of one of my favourite Calder Valley canalside walks - the walk from Sowerby Bridge to Mytholmroyd, via the lush hills of Luddenden Foot and the beautiful cottages of Brearley.  It is a good stretch through changing scenery at any time of year, and nothing makes a better conclusion to the journey than to call at The Blue Teapot to recharge my batteries - nutritionally and poetically!

Canada Geese by the Rochdale Canal at Brearley.
A heron reflects by the canal near Mytholmroyd.


Around this time, I began having conversations with Kirstie Fagan, the cafe's owner, about the possibility of a poet residency. We anticipated that this might begin in the New Year, before our plans were somewhat unexpectedly curtailed.

Nobody could have predicted the scale of the "Boxing Day Floods" of 2015 - a torrential, building-wrecking maelstrom which wreaked through the valley (and other parts of the country, with equally dreadful results) during the fag-end of the year, sweeping away walls, roofs, bridges, the entire frontages of shops and half the main street of Mytholmroyd in its wake.  Two weeks of continual rain in December caused the River Calder to burst its banks - a problem exacerbated by a host of ecological and economic blunders, such as flood-fund budgets being cut and the plunder of local moorlands for the purposes of grouse shooting.  I first became aware of the floods late on Boxing Day night, and watched the devastation on tv, with streets submerged in water, car roofs peeping above the surface like enormous, curving lily pads.  Rushing back to the valley from staying with family in Leeds, my own experience of the post-flood relief effort is now a blur of hectic memories - stumbling into the clean-up by the Calder and finding myself scooping mud from factory forecourts, unloading food parcels at Christ Church, Sowerby Bridge, emptying shops and to-ing and fro-ing between friends' properties as they struggled to rebuild their lives.  Naturally, at some point in that drenched, downhearted week, I found myself also at The Blue Teapot, and spent a surreal hour carrying cooking equipment into a yard, too dazed to know much of what was going on or whether my clumsy stumbling - sleep-deprived and running on empty - was really much of a help, or a hindrance.  As the New Year staggered into being, and the streets gradually dried out like tired, de-toxing drunks, it was clear that any plans for a Poetry Residence at The Blue Teapot must be firmly put on hold.
However, poetry in the valley did not stop, and though many of the premises and businesses in Mytholmroyd and Hebden Bridge were closed, there were several very successful poetry and music nights to raise funds for the flood relief.  I was able to read at one - at The Fox and Goose, Hebden Bridge - and when I next liaised with Kirstie it was very much in the spirit of wishing to build on this spirit of goodwill for the area which permeated so much of these community events.  Once The Blue Teapot had re-opened this spring, we decided that there was no time like the present, and set about arranging the particulars of a poetry residency, and the basis of an inaugural event.  But - what should this include?  Undoubtedly, the area's poetic reputation is much indebted to the richly deserved heritage of the Hughes/Plath imperium, and this history played a part in the motivations for my own early visits to, and decision to relocate to, the valley.  Always decidedly on the Plath side of the spectrum, I had for some years felt underwhelmed by Mytholmroyd's most famous son, feeling his poetry was rooted firmly in an aggressive, Anthropocentrism.  The Poet Laureateship, seeming the epitome of an artist's surrender to the State (not to mention the crown) and its associations with animal blood-sports, was for me as good a reason as any to shun the great poetry of Ted Hughes, which I managed somehow to scrupulously avoid for quite a time, before realizing the absurdity of this position, and resolving to embrace the wealth of poetry he produced on its own terms, and for its own sake.  For me, Hughes and Plath at their best represent some of the finest poetry in the English language.  Without question, the poetry and influence of both will feature in my efforts as a Mytholmroyd Poet-in-Residence, but there are also many talented contemporary poets in this area, all of whom I would have been delighted to approach to read at this opening event. However, one of these stood out in my mind as the obvious choice for our debut guest poet - Nuala Fagan, whose collection Not All Birdsong I published under Caterpillar Poetry last November ... and whose surname is by coincidence the same as Kirstie's!
Nuala's poetry is magnificently exact, painfully honest and beautifully crafted - or as John Foggin has described it, the voice of the rueful but unrepentant confessional... quietly life-affirming ... happily defiant.  In his Introduction to the collection, John quotes from one of Nuala's finest poems, Living in the Song, where Nuala, drawing on the heritage of Irish folk song:
When the song calls me
I am in the song,
I am comeback to Erin
and I am called Mo Chushla.
I am called Mavournin,
I am handsome, I am pretty,
I'm the girl from the golden city.
I am the silver goddess
seen only by the poet
as he dreams
by the leafy stream.
and to hear her read these poems is to taste at first hand the acute poignancy, and at times joy, which glistens through them with a marvellous, delicate control of language. 
On the book's blurb, its editor Bob Horne - whom I met through the local poetry readings circuit (not least in his role as compere at the Puzzle Poets) and through creative writing groups - pays tribute to the lyric and rhytmic control, her wit and thoughtful, often unexpected imagery ...resilience and redemption that he finds in Nuala's poems of love, loss and time passing.  And without hesitation, I knew it was Bob I wished to recruit to provide the evening's supporting role. 

Something of a poetic entrepreneur, Bob taught English in schools and has played an active role in the local poetry scene, his literary identity has evolved over the last few years from enthusiastic writer and supporter of poets, to fully-fledged publisher: his pioneering Calder Valley Poetry has already brought collections into print by three different authors this year!
Bob's own poetry is reflective and insightful, sometimes funny, often detailing powerful or significant observations drawn from childhood memories, moorland cycles, and a lifelong love of cricket.  His poetry is rooted in his native West Yorkshire and depicts the natural world in compassionate, quietly respectful ways:
                                                 Like a sheet of white shadow
                                                 close enough to disconcert
                                                 it climbs from the cottongrass,
                                                 iolaire suil na greine-
                                                 eagle of the sunlit eye-
                                                 smoulders for a moment
                                                still as a Stone Age carving,
                                                until it rises, in its own time,
                                                above this wilderness, the bay, the ocean, 
                                                leaves me at best 
                                                a fleck of a far-off star.
It is with great happiness that I can confirm both Nuala and Bob for this poetry evening on the 23rd May, where both will be reading poetry of such high quality as their work quoted above. 
I am very happy to be able to support The Blue Teapot, and it is very exciting to be able to do so through the medium of poetry.  The café has proved such a happy and creative place for me, and I hope that others will be inspired to enjoy its ambience, its wonderful vegetarian food, and of course the poetry evenings which I hope will offer something for all poetic tastes.  The local area has a rich poetic heritage and I want to explore and celebrate this, as well as shining a light on the contemporary poets of our valley, sharing with you my own poetic offerings.  I hope everyone enjoys Poetry at The Blue Teapot.